What is basic web hosting?

The code, images, videos and text that make up a website must be stored somewhere. Without a stable digital repository, none of us would be able to consistently access the content of the web. In a nutshell, web hosting is the process of renting or buying space to host a website on the World Wide Web. The content of the website, such as HTML, CSS and images, must be hosted on a server in order to view it online.

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that hosts websites for customers, that is,. It provides the facilities necessary to create and maintain a site and makes it accessible on the World Wide Web. Companies that offer web hosting services are sometimes referred to as web servers. To host a website on the Internet, a person or company would need their own computer or server.

Since not all companies had the budget or experience to do so, web hosting services began offering to host users' websites on their own servers, without the customer needing to own the infrastructure necessary to operate the website. Website owners, also called webmasters, could create a website that would be hosted on the server of the web hosting service and published on the web by the web hosting service. As the number of users on the World Wide Web grew, pressure increased for companies, both large and small, to have an online presence. By 1995, companies such as GeoCities, Angelfire and Tripod were offering free hosting.

The most basic is the hosting of web pages and files on a small scale, where files can be uploaded using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a web interface. The files are usually sent to the Web as is or with minimal processing. Many Internet Service Providers (ISPs) offer this service free of charge to subscribers. Individuals and organizations can also get website hosting from alternative service providers.

Single-page hosting is generally sufficient for personal websites. Personal website hosting is usually free, ad-sponsored, or affordable. Hosting commercial websites often has a higher cost depending on the size and type of site. Internet hosting services can run web servers.

The scope of web hosting services varies greatly. The website is placed on the same server as many other sites, from a few sites to hundreds of websites. In general, all domains can share a common set of server resources, such as RAM and CPU. The functions available with this type of service can be quite basic and not very flexible in terms of software and updates.

Resellers usually sell shared web hosting, and web companies usually have reseller accounts to provide hosting for customers. Also known as a virtual private server (VPS), it divides server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be allocated in a way that does not directly reflect the underlying hardware. VPS are often allocated resources based on the relationship between one server and many VPS; however, virtualization can be done for several reasons, including the ability to move a VPS container between servers. Users can have root access to their own virtual space.

Sometimes, customers are responsible for patching and maintaining the server (unmanaged server) or the VPS provider may provide server administration tasks to the client (managed server). Similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user is the owner of the colo server; the hosting company provides the physical space occupied by the server and takes care of the server. This is the most powerful and expensive type of web hosting service. .

In most cases, for Colo, the customer would have their own administrator visit the on-site data center to make any hardware updates or changes. Previously, many colocation providers accepted any system configuration for hosting, even those that were housed in mini-desktop towers, but most hosts now require rack-mount cabinets and standard system configurations. This is a new type of hosting platform that allows customers to provide powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered servers with load balancing and utility billing. A website hosted in the cloud may be more reliable than alternatives, since other cloud computers can compensate when a single piece of hardware stops working.

In addition, local power interruptions or even natural disasters are less of a problem for sites hosted in the cloud, since cloud hosting is decentralized. Cloud hosting also allows providers to charge users only for the resources consumed by the user, instead of paying a fixed fee for the amount the user expects to use or an initial investment in fixed-cost hardware. Alternatively, the lack of centralization may give users less control over the location of their data, which could be a problem for users with data security or privacy issues, according to GDPR guidelines. Cloud hosting users can request additional resources on demand, for example, only during peak traffic periods, and transfer IT administration to the cloud hosting service.

Have several servers hosting the same content for better resource utilization. Clustered servers are a perfect solution for highly available dedicated hosting or for creating a scalable web hosting solution. A cluster can separate the web service from the database hosting capacity. Web servers generally use clustered hosting for their shared hosting plans, as mass client management has multiple benefits.

This form of distributed hosting is when a server cluster acts as a grid and is comprised of several nodes. A private server can be used to host one or more websites from a broadband connection, normally suitable for the consumer. They can be specially designed machines or, more commonly, older PCs. Some ISPs block home servers by not allowing incoming requests to TCP port 80 of the user's connection and by refusing to provide static IP addresses.

A common way to obtain a reliable DNS hostname is to create an account with a dynamic DNS service. A dynamic DNS service will automatically change the IP address that a URL points to when the IP address changes. The host can also provide an interface or control panel for managing the web server and installing scripts, as well as other service modules and applications such as e-mail. A web server that doesn't use a control panel to manage the hosting account is often referred to as a headless server.

Some hosts specialize in certain programs or services (p. e.g. Since web hosting services host websites owned by their customers, online security is a major concern. When a customer agrees to use a web hosting service, they relinquish control of their site's security to the company that hosts it.

The level of security offered by a web hosting service is extremely important to a potential customer and can be an important consideration when considering which provider a customer may choose. Web hosting servers can be attacked by malicious users in a variety of ways, including uploading malware or malicious code to a hosted website. These attacks can be carried out for different reasons, such as stealing credit card data, launching a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack, or sending spam. .